PC Instrumenten Trainer 2.0
User Guide (2.0.2
b)

NOTE: This user guide is valid for “PC Instrument Trainer 2.0“ version 2.0.2. To find out which version of “PC Instrument Trainer 2.0“ you are using, go to Help --> About.


Index
1. Summary of Keyboard Functions
2. Summary of Mouse Functions
3. Pause Mode And Training Mode
4. Available NAV Stations
5. Available Instrument Displays

6. DME with slant-range and ground speed
7. Change Position of Airplane Symbol
8. Change Heading of Airplane Symbol
9. Change Positions of NAV Facilities
10. Display selected VOR Radials in MAP view
11. Static Training in Pause Mode
12. Setting Wind conditions
13. Display And Study The Effects Of Wind
14. Turning the Compass Rose and set OBS courses with the mouse
15. Analyze a Session with the Replay feature
16. What is the Map-View ?
17. What is a Session ?
18. What is a Chart ?
19. Saving Sessions or Charts
20. Loading Sessions or Charts
21. Starting a new session
22. Limitations while using the Demo Version
23. Additional Features after Activation
24. How to Activate all features


1. Summary of Keyboard Functions

Numerical Keypad:
[8]-key: Increase TAS by 10kts
[2]-key: Decrease TAS by 10kts
[6]-key: Increase Turn rate by 1° (max. 6°)
[5]-key: Reset Turn rate to 0°
[4]-key: Decrease Turn rate by 1° (min. -6°)

[0]-key: Reset Timer

Main Keyboard:
[M]-key: see “3. Pause Mode And Training Mode”

[8]-key: Increase TAS by 10kts
[K]-key: Decrease TAS by 10kts
[O]-key: Increase Turn rate by 1° (max. 6°)
[I]-key: Reset Turn rate to 0°
[U]-key: Decrease Turn rate by 1° (min. -6°)

[J]-key: Reset Timer

[R]-key: Display selected VOR Radial (on /off)
[H]-key: Hide Airplane Symbol (on/off)
[T]-key: Display Ground Trace (on/off/push 4 secs to delete)
[V]-key: see “13. Display And Study The Effects Of Wind”
[W]-key: see “12. Setting Wind conditions”

[Cntr]+[S]-key: Save current Session
[Cntr]+[C]-key: Save current Chart setup
[Cntr]+[A]-key: Open Change Altitude Dialog
[Cntr]+[Q]-key: Show this User Guide

Back to Index


2. Summary of Mouse Functions

[>]-Button: click to select Instrument Display
( MDI(ADF)->RMI->VOR/LOC->HSI->HDG )

[NAV]-Button or
[OBS]-Button: click to select the NAV station for each Display
MDI(ADF): NDB1 or NDB2
RMI: NDB1, NDB2, VOR1/DME1, VOR2/DME2
VOR/LOC: VOR1/DME1, VOR2/DME2, LOC1/DME3
HSI: VOR1/DME1, VOR2/DME2, LOC1/DME3
HDG: DME1, DME2, DME3

NOTE: If a VOR/LOC -display or HSI-display is getting selected, the NAV - Button changes it’s Label to OBS, indicating that the displayed radials in Map-view belong to the instrument with the Label OBS.
If you need to display the Radials of a different VOR/LOC -display or HSI-display push the [NAV]-Button once and it will change to [OBS], now displaying it’s radial setting in Map-view.


Setting Wind manually:
Push the [W]-key until the Status line displays “Wind manual”. Now, while “Wind manual” is displayed, hold down the [W]-key for at least 4 seconds. After releasing the key, you can draw a Wind vector with the mouse in Map-view. Place the mouse pointer over some white space in Map-view, push and hold the left mouse button and draw the Wind vector until you get the desired direction and speed.

Setting the Localizer CRS:
Move the mouse pointer over the course label at the Localizer-fin and click and hold the right mouse button down. Now you can drag the Localizer-fin to the desired course before you release the right mouse button again. Only works in Pause Mode.

Setting the Airplane Heading:
To change the Airplane Heading with the mouse, click and hold the right mouse button down and drag the Airplane axis to the desired Heading before releasing the right button again.
Only works in Pause Mode.

Moving Nav Facilities or the Airplane Symbol:
To move the Symbol, place the mouse over the symbol and click and hold the left mouse button. Now drag the symbol to the desired location before you release the left mouse button again.
Only works in Pause Mode.

Setting OBS courses, Moving the compass rose:
Left-click on the compass rose at the desired course. Click-hold-drag to fine adjust. This works for the movable card of the MDI(ADF) display, as course settings for VOR and HSI and for the movable card of the LOC.

Replay a Session:
Switch the program into Pause-Mode ([M]-key). While in Pause-mode, a horizontal scrollbar is visible next to the label “Pause-Mode”. With this scrollbar you can place the Airplane back to any previous possition.

Back to Index


3. Pause Mode And Training Mode

The Program runs in two basic Modes, called Pause Mode and Training Mode.
The Program starts up in Pause Mode. To switch to Training Mode and back, push the [M]-Key. The current Mode is being displayed on the status bar at the bottom of the Program window.


In Pause Mode you can:

- change the position of the NAV Facilities and the Airplane position/heading. All Instruments are functioning while you move the NAV’s or the Airplane. This is a good way to study the basics of how the Instruments react to different Airplane positions !!
- Select the desired Instrument Displays and the corresponding NAV facilities.
- Load a previously stored Chart or save the current Chart.
- Load a previously stored Training Session or save the current Session.
- Start a new Training Session
- Replay the current Session or load a previously stored Session for Replay
- Simply pause your current Session because you have other things to do


In Training mode you can:

- Practice Tracking to and from stations, Intercepts, Holdings, and DME Arcs
- Fly a complete approach, using multiple Nav Facilities
- Select the desired Instruments and the corresponding NAV stations
- Select the desired TAS and Turn Rate
- Set desired Wind Conditions manually or Randomly
- Hide or display the Airplane symbol in Map View
- Redo/continue a particular Situation from a selected point

Back to Index


4. Available NAV Stations

There are 5 NAV Stations available. Two VOR/DME facilities, two NDB’s and one Localizer with DME. The Stations are displayed in the Map-view were they can be placed to any desired position. See “9. Change Position of NAV Facility”.

(1) VOR 1/DME 1 is the red VOR/DME Symbol
(2) VOR 2/DME 2 is the blue VOR/DME Symbol
(3) NDB 1 is the red NDB Symbol
(4) NDB 2 is the blue NDB Symbol
(5) LOC 1/ DME 3 is the red Localizer/DME Symbol

Back to Index


5. Available Instrument displays

There are always 3 Instruments visible. Each instrument display can be changed independently with the [>]-Button. The available Instrument displays are:

(1) DG (Directional Gyro) or heading Indicator (HDG)
(2) MDI (Moving Dial Indicator) or ADF - Display
(3) RMI (Radio Magnetic indicator)
(4) VOR/LOC display
(5) HSI (Horizontal Situation Indicator)

NOTE: DME + Ground Speed Display is available inside (1),(3),(4) and (5)

Back to Index


6. DME with slant-range and ground speed

DME display and Ground speed is available inside the following Displays:

DG or HDG, RMI, VOR/LOC and HSI

The Distance is correctly displaying Slant-Range, assuming a default Altitude (above station) of 5000 feet.

NOTE: You can change the Altitude in steps of 1000 feet between 0 feet and 41000 feet. For this, go to Option--> Altitude or use the short-cut [Strg] + [A]. On program start the Altitude is always at 5000 feet above Stations.

Back to Index


7. Change Position of Airplane Symbol

To change the Airplane Position with the mouse, hold the left mouse button down and drag the Airplane symbol to the desired location before releasing the left button again.

NOTE: The program needs to be in “Pause Mode” before you can move the Airplane with the mouse. The status bar at the bottom of the screen shows the active mode (Pause Mode or Training Mode). If not in Pause mode, you can toggle modes with the [M]-Key.

Back to Index


8. Change Heading of Airplane Symbol

To change the Airplane Heading with the mouse, click and hold the right mouse button down and drag the Airplane axis to the desired Heading before releasing the right button again.
It is important that you position the mouse pointer not over a NAV station while you click and hold. Otherwise, you’ll move the NAV station, rather than the Airplane axis!
The current Heading gets displayed at the end of the extended Airplane axis.
NOTE: The program needs to be in “Pause Mode” before you can change the Airplanes Heading with the mouse. The status bar at the bottom of the screen shows the active mode (Pause Mode or Training Mode). If not in Pause mode, you can toggle modes with the [M]-Key.

Back to Index


9. Change Positions of NAV Facilities

To move VOR1, VOR2, NDB1 and NDB2, place the mouse over the NAV symbol and click and hold the left mouse button. Now drag the NAV symbol to the desired location before you release the left mouse button again.

To move the Localizer, place the mouse over the DME symbol at the end of the Localizer-fin and click and hold the left mouse button. Now drag the Localizer to the desired location before you release the left mouse button again. To change the Localizer approach course, move the mouse pointer over the course label at the Localizer-fin and click and hold the right mouse button down. Now you can drag the Localizer-fin to the desired course before you release the right mouse button again.

While you move the NAV symbol or the Localizer, it’s relationship with respect to it’s distance and heading to all other NAV facilities gets displayed in the upper left corner of the map view. This enables you to reproduce real world approach chart configurations.

NOTE: The program needs to be in “Pause Mode” before you can move the NAV Facilities with the mouse. The status bar at the bottom of the screen shows the active mode (Pause Mode or Training Mode). If not in Pause mode, you can toggle modes with the [M]-Key.

Back to Index


10. Display selected VOR Radials in MAP view

Use the [R]-Key to display the selected VOR radials.
Push [R] once and the selected radial gets displayed in MAP view. The thicker dotted line represents the “From” radial, the thinner dotted line stands for the “To” radial.
Push [R] again and the limits (+/-10° of the selected course) are getting displayed in MAP view as well.
The next push of [R] will turn off the radial display.

Back to Index


11. Static Training in Pause Mode

The following methods are a simple way to get familiar with the different Instrument behaviors. Place the Airplane symbol at various positions in Map-view and try to interpret the different instrument readings including DME with its “Slant-range” display.

NOTE: It is possible to change the position of the Airplane even while the Symbol is hidden. (use the [H]- key to hide/un-hide the airplane symbol)
While the airplane is visible you can even play with different Wind settings. Set a TAS > 0, switch on the V-Vectors (see “13. Display and Study the effects of Wind”), set a Wind (see “12. Setting Wind conditions”) and monitor the behavior of the Vectors while you change the heading of the Airplane with the mouse or the TAS setting.
NOTE: While in Pause Mode, the airplane is not moving. So you have time to analyze the Display- and Vector readings.

Back to Index


12. Setting Wind conditions

For advanced Instrument training it is useful to practice under various Wind conditions. With this program you can set Wind manually, randomly and you can set it back to zero with a single push on the Keyboard.

-To set Wind manually, push the [W]-key until the Status line displays “Wind manual”. If you had no previous Wind setting, the Wind is still at 0kts. Now, while “Wind manual” is displayed, hold down the [W]-key for at least 4 seconds. After releasing the key, you can draw a Wind vector with the mouse in Map-view. Place the mouse pointer over some white space in Map-view, push and hold the left mouse button and draw the Wind vector until you get the desired direction and speed.
If you push the [W]-key multiple times you are toggling the Wind settings through the following modes: “Wind OFF”, “Wind manual” and “Wind random”. While in the manual or Random mode, always the last Wind you have set will be present. With other word, you can set a certain Wind once and then toggle it on/off with the [W]-key.

- To set Wind randomly, push the [W]-key until the Status line displays “Wind random”. If you had no previous Wind setting, the Wind is still at 0kts. Now, while “Wind random” is displayed, hold down the [W]-key for at least 4 seconds. After releasing the key, you have a random wind setting (0°to 359°, 5kts to 40kts). The only way to display the randomly set wind is to switch on the V-Vectors with the [V]-key and read the Wind data at the top of the Map-view window.

- To disable Wind temporarily push the [W]-key until “Wind OFF” gets displayed. The wind setting however remains stored inside the system.

Back to Index


13. Display And Study The Effects Of Wind

One important aspect of (instrument) flying is the ability to select an appropriate Wind correction angel. You can graphically display the effects of Wind with the [V]-key.

V-Vectors Type 1: displays the effect of wind in form of a Vector tri-angle.
The Red-Vector represents the extension of the airplane axis. The length of the Red-Vector is proportional to the set TAS and the angle is the displayed HDG.
The Blue-Vector represents the Wind component. Length is proportional to the set Wind speed and the angle is the Wind direction.
The Green-Vector is the resulting Vector. It’s length represents the resulting Ground speed and its angle the resulting Ground track.

V-Vectors Type 2: can help to practice intercepts (with or without wind) while they give guidance of when to start the intercepting turn. Two half-circles are getting displayed, one for a right- the other for a left turn. The half circles predict the flight path your Airplane would take (with set TAS and Wind) if you start a standard Turn (3°/sec) to the right or left.

NOTE: This only works, if you fly the Turn at 3°/sec !!

EXAMPLE: You want to intercept a radial with a predetermined intercept angle but you are unsure of when to start your turn to avoid over- or under shooting.
(a) Push the [V]-key until “V-Vectors Type2” gets displayed.
(b) Push the [R]-key to also display the radial you wish to intercept
(c) Now remain on your intercept heading until the half-circle (the left circle, if you plan a turn to the left or the right circle, if you plan a turn to the right) touches the displayed radial
(d) Now start your standard turn and you will see that the Airplane ends up exactly on the selected radial.

Back to Index


14. Turning the Compass Rose / set OBS courses with the mouse

Left-click on the compass rose onto the desired course. Click-hold-drag to fine adjust. This works for the movable card of the MDI(ADF)-display, to set the course for VOR and HSI and for the movable card of the LOC.

Back to Index


15. Analyze a Session with the Replay feature

Switch the program into Pause-Mode ([M]-key). While in Pause-mode, a horizontal scrollbar is visible next to the label “Pause-Mode”. With this scrollbar you can place the Airplane back to any previous position.
If you want to continue with the Session after replaying, you need to move the Airplane with the scroll-bar to that position were you want to continue.

EXAMPLE 1: You did shoot a LOC approach and you were flying to the missed approach fix before you paused the program to replay the approach. Now you want to continue to fly to the missed approach fix.

(a) Place the replay slide bar all the way to the right. This places the Airplane to the last stored position.
(b) Now you can hit the [M]-key to get back to training mode and continue with your missed approach

EXAMPLE 2: You did intercept a radial before you entered a holding for 3 minutes. You don’t like the way you have entered the holding and want to redo the holding.

(a) Place the program into Pause-Mode
(b) Move the replay slider until the Airplane reached the point from were you want to redo the exercise.
(c) Place the program back to Training-Mode and redo the holding.


NOTE: If you move the Airplane directly with the mouse in Map-view, the replay memory is reset by the time you enter Training-mode. This is one way to start a new session. To avoid this, move the replay slider bar to place the Airplane back on track.

NOTE: It might be helpful to understand which parameters are getting stored for the replay and “save session” function.
The following values get stored once a second in the internal replay buffer.

-Position of Airplane
-Heading of Airplane
-Minute display of Timer
-Second display of Timer
-Hour display of total time (Session Time)
-Minute display of total time (Session Time)
-Second display of total time (Session Time)
-TAS
-Turn rate
-Position of VOR1/DME1
-Position of VOR2/DME2
-Position of NDB1
-Position of NDB2
-Position of LOC1/DME3
-Approach course of LOC1
-Direction of Wind
-Wind Speed

The maximum size of the replay buffer is approximately 2 hours. Shortly before the buffer is full you’ll get a warning message and the program pauses. Now you should save your Session. By the time the Replay buffer reaches it’s limit, it will reset and start a new Session.

Back to Index


16. What is the Map-View ?

The Map-view is the window on the left side of the screen. It displays the position of all available NAV Aids. Additional you can display the current position and heading of the Airplane, display radial lines of the VOR’s, flight path traces and speed vectors.

Back to Index


17. What is a Session ?

A session is the flight you did while in Training Mode. A total time or Session Time is displayed in the status bar with hours, minutes and seconds. Don’t confuse this time with the “Timer”. The Timer can be reset but the Session time is always displaying the total time of a particular session.

Back to Index


18. What is a Chart ?

A chart is what you see in the Map-view (left side of the screen) without the Airplane symbol, Radial lines and flight path traces.

Back to Index


19. Saving Sessions or Charts

For Saving, the following file operations are supported during Pause-mode:

Save Session: saves the current Session with the filename displayed in the status line. The file extension for Session files is .ts
You can either go to File --> Save Session or use the keyboard and press [Strg] + [S]-key.

Save Session as…: Same as Save Session but you can select the Filename.

Save Chart: saves the current Chart with the filename displayed in the status line. The file extension for Chart files is .map
You can either go to File --> Save Chart or use the keyboard and press [Strg] + [C]-key.

Save Chart as…: Same as Save Chart but you can select the Filename.

Back to Index


20. Loading Sessions or Charts

For Loading, the following file operations are supported during Pause-mode:

Load Session: Loads a previously stored Session for you to analyze, to continue or to redo certain parts.

Load Chart: Loads a previously stored Chart.

Back to Index



21. Starting a new session

Clears the replay store and resets the session Time. The current Chart remains untouched.

There are two ways to start a new Session in Pause Mode:

(a) go to File --> New Session
(b) Move the Airplane with the Mouse. The next time you go back into Training Mode, a new session starts.

Back to Index


22. Limitations while using the Demo Version

Everything is functioning but you are limited to the MDI(ADF) instrument. The “Demo Version” does not allow to change the Instrument displays.
On startup you’ll have the following fixed setup available:

- one HDG Indicator with DME/Ground-speed display
- one MDI(ADF) Instrument with moveable card
(available Stations: NDB1, NDB2)
- One Timer (Minutes and Seconds)


To find out if your Program is activated, check the top of the Program Window. “Demo Version” or “Activated Version” is displayed. If you wish to activate your Program, please check the section “24. How to Activate all features” later in this User Guide.

Back to Index


23. Additional Features after Activation

After you have activated the Program, you’ll find the following additional features:

- RMI double pointer with DME/Ground-Speed
(available Stations NDB1, NDB2, VOR1, VOR2)
- VOR/LOC Display with DME/Ground-Speed
(available Stations: VOR1, VOR2, LOC1)
- HSI with DME/Ground-Speed
(available Stations: VOR1, VOR2, LOC1)

Back to Index


24. How to Activate all features

In order to use all features of “PC Instrument Trainer 2.0” you need to purchase a Site-Key. 

Back to Index

 

Please contact us with any questions or suggestions at:
 info@go-nogo.com

 

 

(c)www.go-nogo.com




 


 

 

 

 

Buy
online

 

 

 

Homepage